LAND RIGHTS AND NATURAL RESOURCE GOVERNANCE
IMPACT helps communities of Northern Kenya secure land rights and create sustainable resource management blueprints. What we do:
Strengthening the capacity of pastoralists communities to map, manage and share their natural resources in an inclusive and sustainable manner.
Training communities for the effective protection of their customary land rights, as defined in the Community Land Act.
Improving communities' capacity to negotiate with government, investors and other stakeholders regarding the sustainable utilization of their natural resources.
Mapping of community land as defined by the most recent community land laws.
IMPACT held awareness-building forums regarding the Community Land Act in Laikipia, Samburu and Isiolo counties.
IMPACT has guided various group ranches within these counties through the first steps of the land registration process. In 2020, IMPACT plans on expanding its land registration support to other group ranches.
LAND REGISTRATION PROCESSES
Conversations with government agencies
Learning on Community lands
Mapping out opportunities and challenges
In January, 2021 IMPACT embarked on a journey to find out where and what remains of community lands in Kenya since the community land act was enacted into law in 2016.IMPACT_KENYA started conversations with government agencies, CSO's and village elders to map out opportunities and challenges in supporting communities in registering their lands,but also to know what is remaining of them and their location. Some former group ranches were dissolved into individual parcels and some were acquired by the government for projects.
Lekuruki ,Kurikuri ,Ilpolei ,Nonkeek ,Lpus,Nkaroni ,Tinga B ,Oporoi ,Sessia ,ilngwesi ,Malaso B and Nkiloriti are some of the communities that advanced conversations on community land through registration. Framing how by laws will govern their land as per their aspirations.These communities have elected their community land management committees to enable them govern their land and natural resources as they move closer to transitioning from group ranches to community lands.
IMPACT STRENGTHENING INDIGENOUS WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP IN LAND AND NATURAL RESOURCE RIGHTS IN NORTHERN PARTS OF KENYA
Since its establishment, IMPACT has made efforts to promote human rights and inclusion for all; men and women of Indigenous pastoralist, hunters and gatherers communities in Northern Kenya, paying attention to key issues affecting them such as land rights and historical injustices, protection of the natural environment and climate change that often exacerbate gender inequality. The social, economic, ecological, and political environment in which IMPACT operates has constantly been evolving. As such, this presents challenges and opportunities for addressing gender equality in equal measures. Opportunities may be linked to the enactment of new legislative and development frameworks at the national, regional, and global levels that seek to strengthen gender equality.
For instance, the Constitution of Kenya (2010) by the Government of Kenya includes the Bill of Rights; the Community Land Act 2016, and the National Policy on Gender and Development sessional paper N0.2 of 2019 (the Republic of Kenya, 2019). National legislation's are complemented by regional and global commitments including Africa Agenda2063, global Agenda2030 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the New Urban Agenda; universal declaration on human rights, CEDAW, Convention on the Rights of Indigenous People, Covenant on social and economic rights, UNDRIP, UNFCCC and UNCCD and the Beijing Declaration have continued to guide and anchor the work of IMPACT.
Despite great progress that comes with established legislation that advance human rights and gender equality at national, regional and global level there continues to be glaring gender gaps at all levels of our society. Women members of pastoralist's, hunters and gatherers, those widowed and or living with disability, single mothers and older persons are often worse off than their male counterparts. Such women often suffer from double discrimination being both indigenous and of female gender. This requires the promotion of gender equality to ensure protection of their human rights, sexual and reproductive rights, civic participation and economic development in their communities, national and international levels. As the counties face the challenge of urbanization that comes with devolved government, the need to scale up such efforts to ensure women’s rights including rights to commercial land and property is mainstreamed and delivered. The section below contextualizes the work of IMPACT from women’ perspective.