LAND RIGHTS AND NATURAL RESOURCE GOVERNANCE
IMPACT helps communities of Northern Kenya secure land rights and create sustainable resource management blueprints. What we do:
Strengthening the capacity of pastoralists communities to map, manage and share their natural resources in an inclusive and sustainable manner.
Training communities for the effective protection of their customary land rights, as defined in the Community Land Act.
Improving communities' capacity to negotiate with government, investors and other stakeholders regarding the sustainable utilization of their natural resources.
Mapping of community land as defined by the most recent community land laws.
IMPACT held awareness-building forums regarding the Community Land Act in Laikipia, Samburu and Isiolo counties.
IMPACT has guided various group ranches within these counties through the first steps of the land registration process. In 2020, IMPACT plans on expanding its land registration support to other group ranches.
LAND REGISTRATION PROCESSES
In January, 2021 IMPACT embarked on a journey to find out what remains of community lands in Kenya since the enactment of the Community land act in 2016, and where they are located. IMPACT started conversations with government agencies, CSO's and village elders to map out opportunities and challenges communities have in registering their lands. IMPACT also mapped out the remaining communities and their location. It was found that some former group ranches were dissolved into individual parcels and some were acquired by the government for projects.
IMPACT is supporting communities in Laikipia, Samburu and Isiolo in registering their land, the transition of the undissolved group ranches to community lands in Laikipia and Samburu counties has been quite smooth, unlike the unregistered community lands evidence by lack of progress in Isiolo, Marsabit, Wajir and Mandera which are largely former trust lands.
Four communities have gone through the processes and received their title deeds ,that is Ilngwesi,Musul and Makurian from Laikipia north and Sere Olipi from Samburu but most of the communities are still on the registration process .
Conversations with government agencies
Learning on Community lands
Mapping out opportunities and challenges
STRENGTHENING INDIGENOUS WOMEN’S LEADERSHIP
Land and natural resource rights
Since its establishment, IMPACT has made efforts to promote human rights and inclusion for all among men and women of Indigenous pastoralist, hunter and gatherer communities in Northern Kenya, paying attention to key issues affecting them such as land rights and historical injustices, protection of the natural environment and climate change, all of which exacerbate gender inequality.
The social, economic, ecological, and political environment in which IMPACT operates has constantly been evolving.
As such, this presents challenges and opportunities for addressing gender equality in equal measures.
Opportunities may be linked to the enactment of new legislative and development frameworks at the national, regional, and global levels that seek to strengthen gender equality.
The Constitution of Kenya (2010) by the Government of Kenya includes the Bill of Rights, the Community Land Act 2016, and the National Policy on Gender and Development sessional paper N0.2 of 2019 (the Republic of Kenya, 2019).
National legislation is complemented by regional and global commitments including Africa Agenda 2063, Global Agenda 2030, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the New Urban Agenda.
The Universal Declaration on Human Rights, CEDAW, the Convention on the Rights of Indigenous People, the Covenant on social and economic rights, UNDRIP, UNFCCC and UNCCD and the Beijing Declaration have continued to guide and anchor the work of IMPACT.
Despite great progress that comes with established legislation for the advancement of human rights and gender equality at the national, regional and global level, there continues to be glaring gender gaps at all levels of our society.
Women members of pastoralist or hunter gatherer communities, those widowed or living with disability, single mothers and older women are often worse off than their male counterparts. Such women often suffer from double discrimination from being both indigenous and women. This requires the promotion of gender equality to ensure protection of their human rights, sexual and reproductive rights, civic participation and economic development in their communities, national and international levels.
As the counties face the challenge of urbanization that comes with devolved government, the need to scale up efforts to ensure women’s rights, including rights to commercial land and property, is a priority.
The section below contextualizes the work of IMPACT from women’s perspective.