The Ewaso Ngiro river unifies and divides communities in the basin in equal measure. In this period of increasing human population, large-scale agricultural activities, infrastructure development, and climate change, the river dries up and gets polluted.Water users, including communities, livestock &wildlife, the public sector, and corporate entities, both upstream middle and downstream, often lack a shared understanding of the threats facing the river system and fail to effectively collaborate around integrated water resources management,this leads to conflicts and an escalation of the threats facing the river system.
In another context, climate change has led to an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters, natural resource scarcity, and environmental degradation, which in many contexts has contributed to the exacerbation of conflict in the Ewaso ecosystem. These has resulted to inter-communal and pastoral violence over natural resources, including access to land, water and minerals. Changes in weather patterns have affected women’s lives more as they walk further in search of water and fuelwood, It has also affected their capacity to earn income and feed their families. For pastoralists, climate change has brought drastic changes to their everyday life, including long and sometimes treacherous journeys in search of water and greener pastures.
The Drastic water flow reduction in the Ewaso Nyiro River is a sign of disaster to both animals and communities, the prolonged drought and desertification in the area is the downfall of the socio-economic aspect of the pastoral communities living along the river. Decreased plant cover, soil erosion, adverse heat, and minimum water flows are some of the problems currently facing the Ewaso Nyiro River.
The upstream communities play a big role in the upper stream of the river and Lake Olbolossat which is the headwaters of River Ewaso Ng'iro and therefore, during the Camel Caravan this year we are reversing the flow by walking upstream involving farmers' communities, conservancies, water resource users’ associations, and private farms to make them understand the impact of their activities upstream to the pastoralist in the mid and lower stream.
At the end of the Camel Caravan,we expect communities to have a deepened, broadened, and increased knowledge on the importance of Ewaso Ng’iro River to the pastoral communities downstream, and increased capacity for environmental conservation.In the long run other pressing issues will also be resolved and some results seen as mentioned below:
Improved well usage of the river, which will consequently prevent the river from the verge of drying up.
Increased number of stakeholders with interest in saving the Ewaso Ng’iro River
Through the media, there will be an increased popularization of the need to conserve wetlands in Kenya.
VI.Increased commitment by the government to allocate time and resources to the saving of the river.
High interest by other donors to support this noble initiative.
A good communications strategy between upstream and downstream river users.
Increased protection of the catchment areas and minimized encroachment.
Improved water management and the general conservation of the environment